Awhile ago, I wrote an article about how to setup a Vanilla Minecraft server on Linux. I received some questions from readers about how they could add mods to their server. The most popular plugins are known as Bukkit Plugins. In order to use these plugins, you need to be running a server that allows plugins to be installed, such as a Spigot server.
In this tutorial, I will show you how to setup a Spigot Minecraft Server on Linux (Ubuntu Server 14.04).
Installing the Minecraft Server Requirements
First, let’s make sure our server is up to date:
sudo apt-get update
Once updates are complete, check to see if Java is installed on our server:
If no Java version gets displayed, you will need to install it before preceeding:
sudo apt-get install default-jdk
Setup a Minecraft User:
Now that our server is up to date, let’s setup a minecraft user:
sudo adduser minecraft
Now let’s login as the minecraft user:
sudo su - minecraft
Install the Spigot Minecraft Server
First, let’s download and build SpigotMC (do this from /home/minecraft):
mkdir build cd build wget https://hub.spigotmc.org/jenkins/job/BuildTools/lastSuccessfulBuild/artifact/target/BuildTools.jar java -jar BuildTools.jar
Now we will move the .jar file that was created to a server folder.
mkdir ../server cd ../server mv ../build/spigot-1.*.jar spigot.jar
Next we will create a short script that will launch our Minecraft server. To create it in Nano, do the following:
sudo nano minecraft.sh
Once the editor is open, put the following lines into the script. Once done, save the file, and close Nano.
#!/bin/bash cd /home/minecraft/server java -XX:MaxPermSize=128M -Xms512M -Xmx1024M -jar spigot.jar
The flag Xmx specifies the maximum memory allocation pool for a Java Virtual Machine, while Xms specifies the initial memory allocation pool. I would adjust the Xmx flag accordingly, depending on how much RAM is available on your machine. I would not recommend using the maximum amount of RAM available to you.
Now we have to make sure to make our new file executable before continuing:
sudo chmod +x /home/minecraft/server/minecraft.sh
Launching our Minecraft Server
Finally, to run the server, simply execute the script you previously made.
You are going to see a message that says something along the lines of “You need to agree to the EULA in order to run the server…” Open eula.txt and set the value to true:
# /home/minecraft/server/eula.txt eula=true
You should now be able to run ./minecraft.sh again, and launch your server.
Modifying the Server Properties
In order to modify the server properties, edit the file located at
One of the values you will want to change is the “gamemode” value. Here are the available values
- 0 - survival
- 1 - creative
- 2 - adventure
- 3 - spectator
Difficulty can also be adjusted:
- 0 - peaceful
- 1 - easy
- 2 - norma
- 3 - hard
To add plugins to our server, you need to download the .jar file for the plugin and place it in the /home/minecraft/server/plugins directory:
wget -P /home/minecraft/server/plugins/ --content-disposition [plugin_url]
Here is an example:
wget -P /home/minecraft/server/plugins/ --content-disposition http://www.curse.com/bukkit-plugins/minecraft/permissionsex/882992
Once the plugin is downloaded, you will need to restart your server in order for it to take effect. You can hit CTRL+C to stop your server.
Here is a great list of some of the top plugins available:
Please feel free to leave any questions or comments below!